Rosacea is a common, chronic disorder that impacts the skin and eyes, and typically presents as intense facial redness with swollen bumps and visible blood vessels. The cause of rosacea is not well understood, and many factors are thought to play a role, including:
Rosacea symptoms may come and go.
Genetics (rosacea runs in families).
The immune system.
H. pylori, a common bacteria.
Demodex, a mite that lives on every person’s skin, mostly on the nose and cheeks where rosacea occurs.
Cathelicidin, a natural protein that normally protects skin from infection, may cause redness and swelling in some people.
Anyone can develop rosacea but it is most common in light-skinned women ages 30–50. Rosacea is rare in patients younger than 30, but can occur at any age. Women are more likely to have rosacea, but a severe type of rosacea with phymatous changes occurs almost exclusively in men.
Central facial redness is the most common symptom of rosacea, with chronic or episodic redness of the nose and medial cheeks. Rosacea can be triggered by sun exposure, hot and cold temperatures, hot and spicy foods, alcohol, medications, and emotional stress. On the skin, rosacea might cause:
Telangiectasia (also known as spider veins).
Phymatous changes, including thickened skin with a bumpy texture and large-looking pores.
Rhinophyma, when phymatous changes occur on the nose.
Burning or stinging pain.
Eye symptoms occur in greater than 50% of patients with rosacea, and may cause:
Burning or stinging pain.
A gritty feeling or foreign-body sensation.
Crusting on eyelashes.
Lid margin irregularities.
Essential Self Care
Sunscreen. If you have rosacea, intentional skin care is a must. Sun exposure is the number one trigger for rosacea, so we recommend that our patients with rosacea use a broad-spectrum SPF 30 sunscreen every morning. We offer a wide range of excellent sunscreens for patients with rosacea, including Elta MD.
Sensitive Skin Care. Harsh cosmetic products, like those with strong fragrances or dyes, can exacerbate rosacea. Do not use them. Instead, use mild products. Daily moisturizing is essential, and can help prevent damage to the skin that can exacerbate rosacea.
At BV Derm, our tool kit for treating rosacea is extensive, with innovative options to manage and minimize your symptoms. Options include:
Let us help you manage your rosacea with a smart and comprehensive treatment plan. Start with a visit to our offices. Call us at (303) 604-1444 or request an appointment online.
When To Call Us
At BV Derm, we can help you manage your rosacea. We offer strategies and therapies to help keep your rosacea from flaring. We can further establish a long-term care plan that will keep your rosacea under control. Definitely contact us if you experience acne-like lesions with rosacea, because early treatment can help reduce scarring. We offer the Vbeam pulsed-dye laser to help treat vascular redness. If you think you are a candidate for Vbeam, contact us to learn more.